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Pushkar

 PUSHKAR 

Pushkar City
Pushkar City

 ABOUT 

Pushkar is a colorful city, full of culture and tradition. The city is located 10 km to the northwest of Ajmer. Pushkar city has numerous ghats and temples which have great historic, religious and traditional values. It is surrounded by hilly rock mountains from the three sides which is also known as 'Nag Phar' which literally means snake mountain. Pushkar is also known as Rose garden of Rajasthan, because it exports rose essence to the other parts of the world. 

Pushkar is also mentioned in Mahabharata, Ramayana and Puranas suggesting the importance of Hindu tradition. The most famous temple among them is the Brahma temple. According to mythology Lord Brahma, the creator of the universe dropped a lotus on the ground which created a lake. He then named the place after the flower as Pushkar. 

Most of the temples were destroyed by Muslim conquest. The temples and ghats which are present today are rebuilt in 18th century or later.

Pushkar Fair (mela) is held every year on Kartik Purnima during the months of November/December. It is the busiest time and biggest  cattle fare in the country. There animals include camels, cows and horses. 

  CLIMATE 


Pushakr generally has a hot climate. But surprisingly it is not as dry as its neighboring cities. The summer season are in the months of March, April, May, June, July, August, September, October, November. On an average May is the hottest month of the year. Pushkar experiences 400-600 mm of precipitation every year. However, most of the rainfall is seen in the months of July and August. July is the wettest month of the year. The months of December, January and February are the months of winters and the temperature range from 20 degree Celsius to 25 degree Celsius. It is the most pleasant time to visit Pushkar. 

 PLACES TO EXPLORE 

Pushkar is a great holy place for Hindus and Sikhs. It more than 400 temples and 52 bathing ghats which have great historic, religious and traditional significance. But most of the temples were destroyed by Muslim conquest. The temples and ghats which are present today are rebuilt in 18th century or later. The most visited sites of tourists and devotees are

  • Brahma Temple
  • Pushkar Lake
  • Gurudwara Singh Sabha
  • Varaha Temple
  • Rangji Temple
  • Savitri Temple
  • Pap Mochini Temple
  • Sri Panchkund Shiva Temple
  • Pushkar Fair

Brahma Temple


Brahma Temple is situated in Pushkar and is near to Pushkar lake. It is the most famous temple of Pushkar, and one of the very few existing temples dedicated to Brahma. Brahma Temple of Pushkar is the most prominent Brahma temple in India. 
The temple is made of marble and stone slabs, and structured to 14th century which was partially built later. 
Brahma Temple
Brahma Temple

Mytholgy

According to Padma Puran, Brahma saw the demon Vajranabha who was killing his children and harassing people. Brahma immediately killed the demon with his weapon (with his lotus flower). In this process three of the lotus petals fell on ground creating three lakes. The most greatest of them is the Pushkar lake which is also known as Jyeshta Pushkar. The Madhya Pushkar or the middle Pushkar lake and Kanishta Pushkar which is the youngest lake.

When the flower fell down from is hand he name the place as Pushkar. Then he decided to perform yajna at Jyeshta Pushkar lake. To perform the yajna peacefully without being attacked by demons again, Brahma created hills around Pushkar. Nilgiri in the north, Ratnagiri in the south, Sanchoora in the west and Suryagiri in the east and positioned Gods to protect him during yajna. Savitri (aslo known as Saraswati), the wife of Brahma was not present at the yajna as she was waiting for Laxmi, Parvati and Indrani. 


Brahma was irritated by and requested Indra to find a suitable girl to complete yajna. Indra then found a girl who was sanctified by passing her through the body of a cow. As she passed through cow she was certified as pure by Vishnu, Shiva and the priest. It was her second birth and she was named as Gyatri. Brahma married Gyatri and completed the yajna sitting beside him and holding Amtri and Ahuti. But when Savitri came she saw Gyatri sitting beside Brahma and in anger she cursed Brahma that he would not be worshiped again. But she later reduced her curse permitting him to be worshiped only in Pushkar. She also cursed Vishnu to be separated from his wife and Indra to lose his every battle. 

Gyatri reduces the curse by her blessings. She blessed Pushkar to be to be king of pilgrimage, Indra to retain his heaven and Vishnu to be human as Rama. And that is why Pushkar temple is regarded as the only temple dedicated to Brahma. And then Savitri movied to Rantagiri hill and became a part of spring know as Savitri Jharna. There is a temple known as Savitri temple in her honour.

Tourists and devotees visit Brahma Temple after taking sacred dip in Pushkar lake. It is common practice of devotes and sages to visit Brahma Temple followed by Gyatri Temple.

Pushkar Lake


Pushkar Lake view
Pushkar Lake view
Pushkar Lake is the holiest lake of India and is situated in Ajmer district of Rajasthan. As per the mythology Lord Brahma dropped a lotus and it created a lake and then he named place as Pushkar. Pushkar lake finds coins mentioned as old as 4th century BC.

Pushkar lake is surrounded by 52 bathing ghats where devotees come in huge number and take sacred bath specially during Kartik Purnima that comes in the month of October and November. It is believed that a single dip can cure diseases and cleanse all the sins. Thee are 500 temples. 



Gurudwara Singh Sabhaara

Gurudwara Singh Sabha
Gurudwara Singh Sabha
Pushkar was visited by the two most famous Sikh Gurus, Guru Nanak Dev in the year of 1509 and Guru Gobind Singh in the year 1706. The shrine where the Guru Nanak visited was called Guru Nanak Dharamshala and now it is known as Gurudwara Singh Sabha. Guru Gobind Singh visited Pushkar in the year 1706 and was served by priest named Chetan Das. The shrine where Guru Gobind Singh visited was known as Gobind Ghat and is now known as Gandhi GhatA stone slab under a kiosk has Gobind Ghat inscribed on it, written in Gurumukhi, Devanagari, Persian and Roman scripts. A Brahmin priest has in his possession a Hukumnama written on a bhoj patra, claimed to have been given by Guru Gobind Singh to Mahant Chetan Das. The other hukumnama is in the names of five Amritsari Gurudwaras



Varaha Temple


Varaha Temple Pushkar
Varaha Temple Pushkar
   

Varaha avatar of Lord Vishnu
Varaha avatar of Lord Vishnu
Varaha Temple is an ancient temple dedicated to the third avatar of Lord Vishnu, which is the Varaha (Varaha means boar in Sanskrit) avatar, which he took in Satya Yug. The Varaha avtar of Lord Vishnu is incarnated as boar to protect the earth. The Varaha Temple was built by the King Anaji Chauhan in Pushkar at 12th century. It is a rare temple where third form of Vishnu as Varaha is worshiped. The temple has a big statue of Lord Varaha printed in white. The temple is well crafted and depicts all the avatar of Lord Vishnu. The temple was destroyed by Mughal emperor Aurangzeb in the year 1727. Later the temple was rebuilt by Raja Sawai Man Singh. 
The The temple opens at 6:00 AM and closes at 6:30 PM. Entry in Varaha Temple for Indians and foreigners are totally free. 

Rangji Temple

Rangji Temple Pushkar
Rangji Temple Pushkar
Rangji Temple is one of the most ancient temples of Pushkar, dedicated to Lord Vishnu, incarnated as Lord Rangji. The temple was commissioned by Seth Puran Mal Ganeriwal of Hyderabad in the year 1823. The Rangji Templ is known for its architectural design which include the rising Gopuram, which is more common is south Indian temples. Inside the temple its four corners are embedded with Garuda, signifying the presence of Vaikuntha Venkatesh.  The temple has sections for other temples as well including Goddess Laxmi, Lord Krishna and Shri Ramanujacharya. 

The atmosphere and the mesmerizing architecture of Rangji Temple make it one of the most visited tourist destination in the holy city of Pushkar. During Kartik Purnima the temple is crowded with devotees who come here to pray. 

The Rangji Temple is at a distance of 650 m from Pushkar bus stand and will take about 15 min to walk from Pushkar bus stand to Rangji Temple. The architecture of the temple is amazing which makes it a famous spot for photography. It will take around 1 to 2 hours to explore the temple completely. The visiting time is from 6 AM to 7 PM.

Savitri Temple

Savitri Temple is located at a distance of 3 km from Pushkar bus stand. It is situated on the Ratnagiri hill behind Brahma Temple. The temple is dedicated to Goddess Savitri or Saraswati who was the desolate wife of Brahma. Savitri temple has idols of both the wives of Brahma namely, Savitri and Gyatri. The idol of Savitri is dated to 7th century. Both the Goddess are worshiped here, starting with Goddess Savitri followed by Goddess Gyatri.
  
Savitri Temple wide view
Savitri Temple wide view

Brahma decided to perform yajna with his wife Savitri. As she was not available Brahma completed the yajna with the help of another girl and named her Gyatri, who became his second wife. Savitri got angry and cursed Brahma that he would be only worshiped at Pushkar and went to Ratnagiri hill and became a part of spring known as Savitri Jharna.


The temple was built in the year of 1687, and was reconstructed in 20th century. It is very difficult and tiring task to climb the hill, as the temple is situated at an elevation of 750 feet with a flight of about 650 steps which are very steep, and the total trail is 1.5 km long. The cable cart facility is also available. You can see the entire Pushkar city from the hill top. The sun rise and sunset views from the hill top is very mesmerizing. It will take around 15 to 20 mins to walk from Pushkar lake. Rope way ride can be full of fun and excitement but devotees prefer to walk  to the Savitri Temple. 

Temple Timing: 5 AM to 12 PM and 4 PM to 8 PM
Entry: Free
Cable Cart Timing: 7:30 AM to 8 PM
Cable Cart Fare: ₹90


Pap Mochini Temple


Pap Mochini Temple
Pap Mochini Temple
The Pap Mochini Temple is situated in Pushkar and is dedicated to Goddess Gyatri, who is believed to be a powerful Goddess who can absolve all sins. Pap means 'sin' in Sanskrit. The temple has many beliefs and stories. In the ancient times it was a unforgivable sin to kill a Brahmin and people who commit this sin came to Pap Mochini Temple to get respite from the sin. It is one of the most famous attractions of Pushkar city. According to the mythology, Lord Krishna cursed Aswasthama to roam on earth for 3000 years. Aswasthama came to Pap Mochini Temple for salvation. Many devotees come here with the belief that they will be respite from their sin. 
The Pap Mochini Temple is an attractive temple with marvelous architecture. There is a lake at the side of the temple and devotees take sacred bath in the lake.  

Sri Panchkund Shiva Temple is one of the most famous temples of Pushkar. As clear from its name the temple is dedicated to Lord Shiva. The Sri Panckund Shiva Temple is located 2-3 km from Pushkar Lake. According to mythology the temple was built by Pandavas. There are lots of monkeys and it is advised to keep safe distance from them. Sri Panchkund Shiva Temple can be visited during day time and it will take around 1-2 hours.

Pushkar camel race
Pushkar camel race
Pushkar Fair (mela) is also known as Pushkar Mela or Pushkar Camel Fair or Kartik Mela, is the largest animal trade fair in the country. People trade livestock including Camel, horses, cows and goats. Pushkar Mela is celebrated during Kartik Purnima which comes in the months of November-December. It is the largest animal trade fair and also the busiest tie of the city. The fair stars according to the Kartik month of Hindu calendar and ends on Kartik Purnima. This is the best to visit Pushkar city. Camel races are also organised. Pushkar during this time is full of colors and traditions and looks extremely beautiful. The weather also is very pleasant during these months. This is a high time to visit Pushkar city and many tourist and devotees visit during Pushkar Fair. This is not only for tourist but devotees also come to take a dip in sacred Pushkar Lake during Kartik Purnima.

 HOW TO REACH PUSHKAR 

Pushkar is well connected with roads to the other part of Rajasthan. And the nearest airport is Jaipur airport. 

By Bus: Pushkar is located at a distance of 15 km from Ajmer and 150 km from Jaipur. The city is well connected to the Rajasthan State Road Transport Corporation (RSRTC). 

By Train: Ajmer is the nerest railway station to Pushkar and is located at a distance of 15 km. There are frequent buses that takes around 40 mins to reach Pushkar.

By Flight: Jaipur airport is the nearest ariport to Pushkar whic is located at a distance of 150 km. Jaipur is well connected to all the major cities like Delhi, Mumbai, Bangalore and Kolkata.

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