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Friday, January 24, 2020

Ajmer

 AJMER 


 ABOUT 

Ajmer is situated in the heart of Rajasthan. It is one of the oldest cities and have seen many dynasties and is very rich in history. It is surrounded by Aravali mountain ranges on lower slopes of Taragarh Hill . Originally Ajmer was known as 'Ajayameru'.


 CLIMATE 

Ajmer has a hot climate and the temperature remains high through out the year. The average temperature during summer is around 30 degree Celsius i.e. in the months of April to July. During monsoon there is heavy rain followed by thunderstorms and receives about 22 centimeters of rainfall every year. During winter the average temperature ranges from 15 to 20 degree Celsius. 

 PLACES TO VISIT 

1. Ajmer Sharif Dargah
2. Adhai din ka Jhonpra
3. Taragarh Fort
4. Abkari Fort and Museum
5. Anasagar Lake
6. Pushkar

Ajmer Sharif Dargah

Ajmer Sharif Dargah is a famous Sufi shrine. It is the most holy and popular tourist place in Rajasthan. It is believed that those who pray here with pure heart their wishes come true.
Dargah is made by marble with a gold plated vault. 


Ajmer Sharif Dargah
Khwaja Moin-Ud-Din Chisti was a pious Sufi saint from Sanjar (present day Iran) who traveled all South Asia and finally reached and settled in Ajmer in 1192 and died in 1236. He was well known for his secular preaching. Grave of the saint is stitched by silver railing and a marble screen. In 1232 Mohommad Bin Tughlaq constructed a dargah which subsequently expanded by many rulers and saints over time. Many local and national rulers came to pray here. It is said Akbar along his wife came on foot to pray here every year.


Adhai Din Ka Jhonpra

Adhai din ka jhonpra means 'shed of two and a half day'. It was built by Qutub-Ud-Din Aibak on the orders of Mohammad Ghori in 1192 CE. 

Adhai din ka jhonpra

Adhai din ka jhonpara was originally a Sanskrit collage commissioned by Vigraharaja IV, a king of Shakambhari Chahmana (Chauhan) dynasty. The building was originally squared shaped. Lord Saraswati temple was located inside it. 
Qutub-Ud-Din Aibak partially destroyed it on the orders of Mohammad Ghori in 1192 and reconstructed it into a Mosque all within 60 hours (2 and -a-half days). It was completed in 1199 and later Iltutmish beautified it in 1213 CE.
 There is Sanskrit inscription on the gate which reminds of the origin of this monument. Adhai din ka jhonpra is a symbol of Indo-Islamic culture.


Taragarh Fort

Taragarh Fort was constructed on slopes of Taragarh hills in 1113 AD and it was built under  Ajaypal Chauhan. Its an amazing example of Rajasthani culture. During its peak time Taragarh Fort renowned for its tunnels crisscrossing the hills. Presently these tunnels are inaccessible. During Mughal rule Taragarh Fort was used as important center for military activity. During British rule it was used as sanatorium.  

Taragarh Fort


Abkari Fort and Museum

After the second battle of Panipath, Akbar defeated Hemu and Ajmer came under Mughal Sultanate. He constructed this fort for his son Shahjada Salim in 1570.
It is believed that after the victory over Chittorgarh in 1568, Akbar came to Ajmer from Chittaur to pray at Dargah. Akbar came in contact with Shiek Salim Chisti, who was a disciple of Moin-Ud-Din Chisti. With the bliessing of Salim Chisti Akbar had a son in 1569 name as Shahjada Salim who was later known as Jahangir. Akbar became so grateful that he visited Ajmer Sharif Dargah on foot from Agra for the next 12 years.

 
Akbari Fort And Museum

In 1908, a portion of the fort was converted into museum. The museum showcases numerous aspects of Mughal and Rajput lifestyle such as sculptures, paintings, and artifacts. The main attraction of the museum is a large statue of Goddess Kali situated in the palace.



Anasagar Lake

Anasagar lake is a artificial lake constructed by Arnoraja, who was the grandfather of Prithviraj Chauhan. It was built to help the local people. It is spread in 13 km.


Ansagar lake

Sunset at Anasagar Lake

Anasagar lake is beautiful and a great tourist attraction. The sunset is amazing. This lake dries in summer season every year. 


Pushkar

Pushkar is one of the oldest cities of India and is located 10 km in northwest of Ajmer. It has numerous ghats and temples which has great historical and religious tradition of Hinduism. Pushkar is also mentioned in Ramayana, Mahabharata, and Puranas, suggesting the importance of Hindu tradition. 
Most of the temples were destroyed by Muslim conquest. The temples and ghats which are present today are rebuilt in 18th century or later.

Pushkar

Pushkar Lake is the main attraction of the town and its water is considered as secret. It is believed that lotus fell from the hands of Brahma and Pushkar lake was born. It is considered to be the most secret sarovar among the Panch Sarovar. It has 52 bathing ghats and taking a dip in water is considers to nullify all sins and heal from skin diseases.

There are so many temples and the whole town remains enchantingly mystic. Some of the most famous temples are Varaha Temple, Old Rangji Temple, Apteshwar Temple, Ragunath Temple, Gayatri Temple, Mahadev Temple, Savitri Mata Temple and many more.

Pushkar Fair (mela) is held every year on Kartik Purnima during the months of November/December. It is the busiest time and biggest  cattle fare in the country. There animals include camels, cows and horses. 


Camel race in Pushkar
These animals are washed and decorated before trading. There are camel races during this time and one can not afford to miss this amazing fare.


 TRANSPORT 


Ajmer is situated at 137 km from its state capital Jaipur and 405 km from Delhi. It is well connected by road from major cities.

By Air: Located at a distance of 140 km, Jaipur Sanganer Airport is the nearest airport to Ajmer. Cabs and bus services are available. It will further take about 2 hours to reach. Cabs can cost somewhere around 1500 to 2000 rupees.

By Train: Ajmer is well connected to major cities like Delhi, Jaipur, Mumbai, Pune, Jummu, Lucknow, Kolkata and Chandigarh. Most popular train that runs daily is Ajmer Shabdi which connects Delhi to Ajmer.

By Bus: Ajmer is well connected through Rajasthan State Road Transport Corporation to major cities like Delhi, Jaipur, Udaipur. 


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